How to Make Makeup, Making Cosmetics, How to Make Shampoo, How to Make Detergent, Make Your Own Cleaning Products

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How To Make Skin Tonics & Astringents

How To Make Skin Tonics & Astringents

Astringents are a class of materials which are identified by their local effect on skin when applied topically. These effects may include all or some of the following (not all astringents are equally effective): the erection of hairs, the tightening of skin, or at least the sensation of tightening, the temporary reduction of pore size, antiperspirancy, the mitigation of “oily skin”, the rapid coagulation of blood from a flesh wound, skin healing, the promotion of tissue growth and other, more subjective sensations such as a refreshing or invigorating feeling. Astringents are an important addition to making your own skin care products.

While these beneficial properties ensure that astringents are regarded as important and valuable cosmetic materials, not all the claims made for them can be substantiated by experiment.

The article below provides an overview into the basic formulary for making facial astringents and skin tonics. With the AustraLab program, you don’t need to understand the chemistry of making skin care products. I’ve done all the hard work for you – the formulations have already been tested for efficacy and ease of manufacturing.

Discover how to start your own business making skin care and makeup.

Types of astringent

Metal salt astringents

The astringent effects of many metal ions have long been known. The list of active metals includes iron, chromium, aluminium, zinc, lead, mercury, tin, copper, silver and zirconium, although they vary in their degree of astringency. Of these, only useful are the salts of zinc, aluminium and zirconium.

The effect of the anion in metal salt astringents is not entirely passive. It can be shown, for example, that the astringency of a metal ion is partially dependent upon the identity of the anion. Furthermore, the anion will also help to determine the solubility of the salt in various cosmetic media.

Organic acids

Low-molecular-weight organic acids with an ionisable proton show astringent properties. Most commonly encountered are lactic and citric acids.


Both ethanol and (less frequently) isopropanol are used as astringents, usually as aqueous solutions of strength up to 60 % w/v. Solutions of ethanol greater in strength than 20% may cause stinging when first applied, although this may be regarded as beneficial in certain types of product.

Auxiliary Additives

make astringents and skin tonicsThe materials added to the astringent preparations to assist or enhance their effect are referred to as auxiliary attitudes.

Methanol included to produce a cooling effect in an after-shave, an antibacterial in a styptic stick, and rose water as a refreshing adjunct to a skin toner are various agents added to tonics to promote soothing and healing of damaged skin.


Astringent products

Many products contain raw materials with astringent properties. It is possible to categorize these various products according to the particular astringent feature which they utilize. Antiperspirants, for example, exploit the property which some zinc, aluminium and zirconium compounds have of causing “anhidrosis” (decrease in activity of the sweat glands).

Astringent lotions may be subdivided into a number of related products. These include pre-shave and after-shave lotions, skin topics, toners, colognes and fresheners.

Astringent emulsions include antiperspirant creams as well as plain astringent creams and milks together with emulsion colognes and after-shaves.

Stick astringents are generally formed from sodium stearate – alcohol gels. Among the products presented in this form are antiperspirants, deodorants, colognes, after-shaves and styptic pencils. Some astringents are made in gel form, including some cleansing products and face masks.

Aqueous and aqueous-alcoholic lotions

Skin Toners

skin tonerToners have become an accepted part of the facial skin treatment regime. They are normally recommended for use after cleansing and before the application of a moisturizing cream. The primary purpose of such a product is to tighten the skin, reduce the pore size and reduce any tendency of areas of the face and neck to oiliness.

In some product ranges, toners are offered in a series of increasingly alcoholic strength for dry, normal and oily skins. There is a variety of water-soluble or alcohol-soluble emollients that can be used to offset the drying effect of ethanol. These include and ethoxylated lanolin derivatives, and propylene glycol.

Skin Tonics

skin tonic lotionSkin tonics can be made by the addition of auxiliary attitudes and perhaps menthol or camphor to produce a slightly “medicated” fragrance. Possibly the most commonly used skin healing and soothing additive is allantoin, a chemical of the purine group. Allantoin has been shown to have regenerative, healing, softening, soothing and keratolytic properties. More recently, two allantion combination compounds, chlorodydroxy aluminium allantoinate and dihydroxy allantoinate have become available. These possess mild astringent qualities in addition to the healing and soothing properties of allantoin itself and their use has been specifically recommended in astringent lotions of the “tonic” type.

Azulene and its derivatives, particularly guaiazulene, have long been accredited with healing and soothing properties. Newer soothing ingredients to become available include a cationic cellulose polymer. No doubt of that skin-substantive cationic polymers will be found to have similar desirable properties.

The various benefits to be derived from the use of such additives make them logical ingredients of pre-shave and aftershave products. Pre-shave lotions – especially those designed to be used before electric shaving – make use of the ability of astringents to make facial hairs stand erect. After-shave lotions may be designed to soothe and cool the skin. Also to tighten it, to close the pores, to sterilize and stem the flow of blood from any inadvertent nicks or cuts.

The normal pH of skin is slightly acid; lotions and shaving preparations often make use of assets to “restore” this acidic condition as well as for reasons of the astringency.

Astringent emulsions

Astringent creams or lotions of the emulsion variety serve many purposes in the cosmetic field. Especially as antiperspirants, shaving products and perfumed creams.

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How To Make Deodorants & Anti-Perspirants

How To Make Deodorants & Anti-Perspirants

Deodorants and anti-perspirants are among the highest volume selling personal care products in the world. The article below provides an overview into the basic formulary of making deodorants and antiperspirants. With the AustraLab program, you don’t need to understand the chemistry of making these products. I’ve done all the hard work for you. The formulations… Continue Reading

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How To Make Styling Products

How To Make Styling Products

From gels and creams, to waxes and pomades, making hair styling products has never been such big business, offering such diversification. Hair styling preparations are required for both men and women, to improve the control and manageability of hair, to impart lustre, and to maintain a hair style despite the various environmental conditions to which… Continue Reading

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How To Make Shaving Products

How To Make Shaving Products

The market for male grooming aids is booming. From shaving products to hair care and skin care, men are more concerned about their appearance than ever before. And savvy business owners are capitilizing on this trend – barber shops are now producing their own brands of in-demand niche grooming products. Discover how to start your… Continue Reading

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11 Responses to 10 Compelling Reasons for Private Label Hair

  1. Christiana says:

    Thanks Sam,

    Am a hair dresser and I have been thinking of this idea for a long time, but now that you have given me the encouragement through your article, am going to start in no due time.

    Once again thanks for you article.


    • Sam Stein says:

      Hey Christiana,
      Thanks for reading and taking the time to add your thoughts.
      I think you’ll find that making your own products can be as rewarding in creativity as it is profits – it’s a really enjoyable process being able to choose your own ingredients and fragrances.

  2. Hi Sam – I would be interested in starting a line of shampoos/conditioners/colognes for the pet industry. Ive been a groomer for 10 years and had originally left my previous job because I thought I might want to start a grooming business. Lately though Im thinking of going in a different direction — exactly what you are talking about but for pets. Is there a formula for pets with problem skin? Allergies, itchy skin etc? Thanks, Linda

  3. titus marcel says:

    I need the chemical componet to make lipstick, shampoo, conditiona

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi, The AustraLab manuals provide the formulations to successful make your own professional grade cosmetics, makeup, skin and hair care products.

  4. Dear Sam,

    Thank you so much for this interesting article! I have been thinking about my own shampoo but I just dont know how and where to start.
    How do you produce, where, what do you put in and how do you make it different since there are so many products?!

    Could yiu please give me some advice.

    Many thanks!


    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Claudia,
      The AustraLab manuals and formulations can help you to get started easily – from manufacturing procedures to making of products. You will also find that it is easy to customize your own products with different ingredients, oils, fragrances, etc – so they stand out from the crowd.

  5. Chermaine loyd says:

    Very happy I came across this site and read your article. I am a hairstylist and have been since 2001 so I know the ends and outs, this s something I’m working on know Thank you

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Chermaine,
      Making hair care products is certainly a great career for anyone involved in the hairdressing industry – you’ll find more interesting ideas in the “Making Shampoo & Hair Care” category of this website.

  6. Hi, I would like to get started with making shampoo and conditioner line..

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Latanya,
      Making shampoos, conditioners and styling products is a great way to start your own manufacturing business.

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Start Your Own Cosmetics Company

Start Your Own Cosmetics Company

Ever wanted to start your own cosmetics company? But you’re not quite convinced you can really make money? I guess the skepticism is understandable – the cosmetics industry is shrouded in secrecy and previously ridiculously difficult to join. You can get in now – click here to discover how to start your own cosmetics manufacturing… Continue Reading

19 Responses to Start Your Own Cosmetics Company

  1. Hi Sam,
    Wow!!! I am inspired!!!!
    This is such a great story. I will admit that I have been holding back on my dream of owning my own cosmetics and makeup manufacturing because I wasnt really sure if I could make enough money. Ive been reading all the articles on your website and I know there must be a LOT of money in this industry, but until I read this story here I wasn’t sure if I would be able to pull it of myself. Now I know I can!!!
    Im so excited to get started. Ive sent you an email and hope to hear from you soon.
    Thank you!!!

    • Hi Carla,
      You’re right – this is a great story. It’s actually one of the reasons I started the AustraLab program – I really love to see others succeed in this industry. (And I love to see the “little guys” take on the multinationals and blitz them!) This story really does prove that it can be done.
      I’ve just sent a reply to your email and look forward to helping you get started with your own cosmetics business – I think you have a winning idea.

  2. That’s another WOW from me. I don’t wear cosmetics but I sure do want to start making them. This sounds like a fantastic business and I think you are right that if they can do it, anyone can. You can count me in.

    • Hey Jonathon,
      As you’ve seen, making cosmetics is not just for the gals. Wearing them is not just for the gals, either – the men’s skin care industry is a booming market – but that’s the subject for an upcoming article.
      Wish you great success.

  3. Hello Sam, I have been lurking around your blog here for quite a while, I must say I love all your articles, but this is the very best. So inspiring. After reading this I really don’t know what’s been stopping me! Sometimes reading something like this can give you the push you need to get going. I’m ready to do it!

    • Thanks Linda, it’s great to have you here.
      I hope I’ve given you the motivation you need to start your own million dollar cosmetics business.

  4. Very inspired and very interested. How do I join your program?

  5. I love ur article!Am from nigeria can u please guide me hw to join ur programme and hw to get ur manual from nigeria,including d cost and to send d money from nigeria.

  6. Milllicent omemma atasie says:

    I was reall motivated when i read the story of those three guys in kenya,am am seventeen and very creative from nigeria.i always wanted to own my own comestic company but i don’t know how to start,can u please enlighten me on it

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Milllicent,

      This is a really motivating example of how just about anyone can start their own successful and profitable business in the cosmetics industry. I’m glad you liked it.
      You can find more information about how to start your own cosmetics business at my website

  7. Hi Sam
    Am really encouraged by this article to venture in beauty products. please fell free to email me on various formulations and procedures followed in various beauty products.Advice also in detergents making

  8. I join it because i found it a small busines

  9. Hi Sam
    I have been wanting to start my own line of cosmetics for a very long time and I just don’t know where to start. The whole thing confuses me a lot. I am unsure about how I will make the product or get the products made and the formulations they confuse me as well because I want a unique edgy line. Anyways if you have any tips please feel free to email me.

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Erica,
      I often hear questions like yours, and this is one of the main reasons I decided to produce the AustraLab program. In the AustraLab manuals, I include a successful marketing strategy which can help you start selling your products in large volumes. This will give you an introduction to the market, and help you raise capital to start producing more “niche” or “edgy” products.
      Niche products can sell very well, but conduct your own market research to find what is popular in your region.

  10. Hi Sam
    Am so glad I can came across your website the very day I decided that I wanted to start my own cosmetics company. Am even more inspired by the Kenyan story. Thanks for sharing this information.

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Sarah,
      Thanks for stopping by. I’m glad I’ve given you some inspiration – wish you great success with your venture.

  11. hello
    I would like how to go about to get the formula, and what if I would like to start with few ones only
    thank you


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6 Responses to Make Your Own Cleaning Products

  1. Very interesting article, has given me the confidence I need to know that I can make my own detergents. I use a lot of cleaning products in my business and I know that the manufacturer I buy them from has a very profitable business so I think its time for me to expand in this direction.
    Just one question: Do you give the chemical name for the ingredients you use in your formulations? I have seen some cleaning product recipes that use a perticular companys mixture of ingredients and I dont know what these are or whether I can get them in my country. I would prefer to know exactly what I am using in my products. Thanks in advance for your reply.

    • Hey Bob,
      Thanks for taking the time – that’s a great question.
      All my formulations provide the actual chemical or cosmetic ingredients by their actual name – no brand names or such.
      I always advocate the need to be as much in control of your business as possible.
      If you’re using proprietary ingredient blends to make your own cleaning products (or toiletries, cosmetics, etc) and you don’t know how to replace or replicate these ingredients, you can find yourself at the mercy of your suppliers. These blended ingredient bases are made by some suppliers for precisely that reason – to keep you returning exclusively to them in order to be able to make your products.
      These blends are often over-priced – you can shop around and get the individual ingredients and blend them yourself for much less. Also, if your supplier has shipping or delivery delays, or any other problems, and you can’t get supply – what does that mean for your business if you have orders to fulfill?
      Suppliers sometimes change the formulations of these blends – that means your products will also change – sometimes this will not be noticeable in the end product, but sometimes it will.
      And what if your supplier decides to completely discontinue that particular blend of ingredients? You’ll need to find a suitable replacement (fast).
      All these are issues I have seen happen over the years. For that reason, I rarely (if ever) use proprietary trademark blends. By using the raw base ingredients, you will always maintain maximum control (and profits) in your business. You can change suppliers at anytime if you don’t like their service or their prices.
      The AustraLab formulations use only raw ingredients by their chemical name.
      P.S. Don’t let that “chemical” word scare you – water is a chemical, as is the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the shirt we wear (whether it’s organic cotton, pure silk or spun polyester, it’s still a chemical).
      You might also be interested in my post about the need to have maximum control of your business for maximum success – please click here. I think you will find it eye-opening.

      • hnin nwe htwr says:

        I need long name of chemical and some ofraw are can not finf in market.
        please provice al l thid.

  2. Pawan Agarwal says:

    Sam Stein
    I am a new entrepreneur want to enter new detergent manufacturing industry how you can help me please reply.


  3. hey, thx a lot
    am interested in making a toilet cleaner(with good stains removing properties) should l use the same formula and making procedures ?
    am also interested in making a liquid hand wash detergent, should l also the same ingredients and procedures?

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Jackie,
      The AustraLab program includes formulations for making toilet cleaner and liquid handwash. These products cannot be made with the same ingredients, they require different compounds. I hope that answers your query.

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4 Responses to Cosmetic Chemistry – How To Make Makeup & Skin Care

  1. Hi Sam!
    I have realized this is the career for me, theres just one problem, I’m only 14. Obviously I can’t afford the $1997 formulas, even though I so desperately want them, so is there anything I can make/do (like beginner steps to creating my company) until I can afford your formulations and get my company started? Thanks, much appreciated.

  2. This is so interesting!
    I think this is a career that is often overlooked by college students, particularly science majors.
    I once met someone who majored in Biochemistry and was pursuing work in the perfume industry. I was always curious about what steps that might involve.
    Thank you for the information!

  3. Ayinbire Diana says:

    Hello am Diana, and want the lest of ingredient for shampoo and the steps involve in the process.
    Thank you.

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Diana,
      You’ll find plenty more information about making hair care products in the “Making Shampoo and Hair Care” category of this site.

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9 Responses to Cosmetics Business – Make Your Own Makeup, Start An Empire

  1. Am visiting your site for the first time. I have interest in starting up a cosmetic industry in the nearest future. I hope your company will be of help in this noble pursuit.


    • Hi Tunde,

      Cosmetics manufacturing is not only high profit – it’s also a truly enjoyable business. You can find all the details of my program at my website

  2. i wish to learn know how to make my own cosmetics.

    • Hi Abu,
      The AustraLab program will enable you to make your own cosmetics – including makeup, skin care, hair care, bath and body products, baby care products and mens grooming products.
      You can find all the details at my website

  3. I wish to learn how to owe my own cosmetics.I want to learn how to get the needed ingredients to produce creams and all the lab chemistry involved.After which I will talk about lebeling and packaging.

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Joseph,
      Thanks for visiting my website. The AustraLab manuals provide you with formulations and manufacturing procedures to start your own business making cosmetics and detergents.

  4. Im really serious about how i can get into this please can i have more information pls.

    • Sam Stein says:

      Hi Sanj,

      All the details of the AustraLab program are here

  5. Angeline Polite says:

    All my life I was amazed with make-up,skin care,bath and body,etc. I always wanted to own a business dealing with everything I love the
    most. Not only I want to make my
    own products, I want everyone to feel and look wonderful. I hope that your company will help me pursuit my dream to reality.

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